ISTI Presents @ GA ESC in Malta, 2 – 7 Sept. 2018

ISTI and Geobit, join together at The 36th General Assembly of the European Seismological Commission in Valletta, Malta, 2 – 7 September 2018.

Visit us at booth #8

Meet our team and learn about the latest offerings. Nikos Germenis (Geobit), and Paul Friberg (ISTI) will be available to answer your questions.

ISTI Presentations

View the ISTI poster schedule & abstract info below. Continue reading

ISTI Presenting at SSA, 14-17 May 2018, Miami, FL

ISTI is presenting  at the Seismological Society of America Annual Meeting, being held in Miami, Florida 14 – 17 May 2018.  The ISTI presenters welcome anyone attending the SSA annual meeting to stop by and chat with them.


View the ISTI poster schedule and abstract links below.

Paul Friberg (ISTI) (with coauthors from Cedarville University, Miami University, & USGS) Observed Characteristics of Induced Seismicity: From Laboratory to Field Scale Wed., 16 May 5:00 PM @ Flagler Room
Paul Friberg (ISTI) (with coauthors from the U.S. Geological Survey & U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs} Recent Advances in Dense Array Seismology Wed.,  16 May Poster @ Riverfront South Room

ISTI Poster @ EGU 8 – 13 April

ISTI is pleased to announce that Comparison of Detection and Location Capabilities of Surface Microseismic Monitoring Algorithms, by ISTI authors, will be presented at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly, being held in Vienna, Austria on 8–13 April 2018.

Authors: Ilya Dricker, Paul Friberg, Sidney Hellman

Date: Thu, 12 Apr

Time: 17:30–19:00

Location: Hall X2, X2.382


The challenge of the surface microseismic monitoring (MSM) is that small-scale seismic activity which occurs as a result of human activities or industrial processes is often hidden in surface noise on individual seismic records. MSM algorithms must detect and locate signals with average signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) significantly less than 1. To improve SNR MSM algorithms compute cost function over a large set of seismic records. Maximum of such function indicates presence, time, and location of the seismic signal. Other algorithms, such as Phase Robust Statistically Optimal and Diagonal Maximum Likelihood Adaptive algorithms offer accuracy improvements of location and detection in presence of correlated industrial noise. In this paper we use synthetic seismograms and seismic observation to compare accuracy of event locations using several algorithms of surface microseismic monitoring.

ISTI’s Rapid Notification Service in Oklahoma helps Operators meet new Oklahoma Hydraulic Fracturing Regulations that Require Seismic Monitoring

On February 27, 2018, the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) announced new seismic monitoring requirements for minimizing felt induced seismicity from hydraulic fracturing operations in the SCOOP/STACK play. The new requirements state that operators must have access to a seismic monitoring array.  They must take action at magnitue 2.0 (Richter scale) and pause for 6 hours at magnitude 2.5. This is a 0.5 reduction in magnitude levels from previous regulations.

News articles in Oil Price, Reuters, and Bloomberg News and in local Oklahoma media outlets KFOR, Tulsa World, and The Oklahoman are already reporting that operators are taking the new regulations seriously and are installing private networks like those installed and operated by ISTI and it’s partners (HMSC, Inc and GEObit). ISTI can help operators in this region with our real-time monitoring networks for the duration of their completions or for an entire field-wide view using our Rapid Notification Service (RNS) product. ISTI’s Oklahoma and Kansas subscription based RNS provides operators with the information to act before regulators react to any events that may be caused by their completion operations.  An example is a recent 2.1 magnitude earthquake; subscribers were notified within 2 minutes after it occurred (see event map with locating stations below). As a result of the rapid information, nearby operators could modify their well treatment plans for the next stages and attempt to mitigate further larger events.

The cost of being shut-down temporarily for any nuisance earthquakes can be quite high for operators. Rapid information provided by ISTI’s service can allow operators to take action before being required to pause or curtail operations. While the hazard of earthquakes induced by hydraulic fracturing is low, there is still the potential for it to trigger larger felt earthquakes as has been observed in Canada. Operators, on the other hand, can mitigate impact to their businesses by taking proper precautions.

ISTI & GFAST in Chilean News

Both Ben Baker of ISTI and GFAST were highlighted in El Mercurio newspaper on 6 February 2018 in the Chile aplicara sistema para agilizar alerta temprana de maremotos y terremotos article (loosely translated, Chile will apply system to streamline early warning of tsunamis and earthquakes).


An inherent difficulty in seismic-only earthquake early warning and tsunami forecasting is the rapid estimation of the earthquake magnitude and description of the rupture.  One novel approach is to augment the seismic-base system with geodetic information that can better capture the static-offset produced during large events.  In conjunction with the University of Washington, the Amazon Catalyst program, and the Centro Sismológico Nacional, ISTI is helping to make the Geodetic First Approximation of Size and Timing (G-FAST) production ready in the dynamic Chilean tectonic setting.   It is expected that the G-FAST enhanced Earthworm+Earlybird base system will be able to better characterize the frequent high-magnitude events on the Chilean subduction zone and ultimately improve rapid shaking and tsunami inundation estimates.

Announcing Article: “G‐FAST Earthquake Early Warning Potential for Great Earthquakes in Chile”

ISTI is pleased to announce a publication of G‐FAST Earthquake Early Warning Potential for Great Earthquakes in Chile, a collaboration between Ben Baker of ISTI and our colleagues in the field.  The article was published by SSA (the Seismological Society of America) and posted to GeoScience World on 7 February 2018.  ISTI wishes to recognize the authors:

  • Brendan W. Crowell – Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington
  • David A. Schmidt – Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington
  • Paul Bodin – Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington
  • John E. Vidale –  Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington
  • Ben Baker – (ISTI) Instrumental Software Technologies, Inc.
  • Sergio Barrientos – Centro Sismológico Nacional, Universidad de Chile
  • Jianghui Geng – GNSS Research Center, Wuhan University

The abstract may be read here.



Oklahoma hydraulic fracturing induced earthquakes in the news

A recent Bloomberg news article on increasing earthquakes in the Oklahoma SCOOP/STACK play is stating that regulators and the Oil and Gas industry are starting to turn their attention to monitoring hydraulic fracture induced earthquakes that are reportedly being felt in this region. While the predominant cause of induced earthquakes in Oklahoma have been tied to injection of produced waste water, hydraulic fracturing related earthquakes has received less attention until now. The Oklahoma Corporation Commission, which governs oil and gas wells in the state, was anticipating this back at the end of 2016 when they released guidelines that governed seismic concerns in this play. These regulations and the recent uptick in activity in this area suggest that monitoring for induced seismicity, like that done by ISTI, would be of great cost benefit to operators in the area so that they have operational information to head-off potential regulatory action.

Note that a similar news article was published in Bloomberg about hydraulic fracture induced earthquake concerns in Alberta Canada in the town of Fox Creek, where larger felt earthquakes have occurred in recent years.

Announcing Article: “Maturity of nearby faults influences seismic hazard from hydraulic fracturing”

ISTI is pleased to announce a publication of Maturity of nearby faults influences seismic hazard from hydraulic fracturing, a collaboration between ISTI and our colleagues in the field.  The article was published by the National Academy of Sciences on 5 February 2018.  ISTI wishes to recognize the authors:

  • Maria Kozłowska – Department of Geology and Environmental Earth Science, Miami University, Oxford, OH
  • Michael R. Brudzinski – Department of Geology and Environmental Earth Science, Miami University, Oxford, OH
  • Paul Friberg – (ISTI) Instrumental Software Technologies, Inc.
  • Robert J. Skoumal – Earthquake Science Center, US Geological Survey
  • Nicholas D. Baxter – Department of Geology and Environmental Earth Science, Miami University, Oxford, OH
  • Brian S. Currie – Department of Geology and Environmental Earth Science, Miami University, Oxford, OH


Excerpt, courtesy of PNAS


Recent studies have focused on how wastewater disposal wells have caused dramatic increases in eastern US earthquakes. We focused instead on less common cases where hydraulic fracturing alone has caused earthquakes and found seismicity separated into two depth zones: a shallow zone on younger faults, with more small-magnitude earthquakes than expected, and a deeper zone on older faults, with larger magnitude earthquakes and seismicity continuing after fracturing stops. Hence, inducing deeper seismicity creates more hazard. Our observations are consistent with prior geologic, laboratory, and theoretical work indicating that age and maturity of faults causes the different seismicity patterns. We utilize data from well operators to demonstrate that both fluid pressure changes and rock stress transfer are needed to explain our observations.


Understanding the causes of human-induced earthquakes is paramount to reducing societal risk. We investigated five cases of seismicity associated with hydraulic fracturing (HF) in Ohio since 2013 that, because of their isolation from other injection activities, provide an ideal setting for studying the relations between high-pressure injection and earthquakes. Our analysis revealed two distinct groups: continue reading.

Additional News

The above article was also referenced in the Pittsburgh Post Gazette. The above article was also referenced on NPR’s WESA in the Pittsburgh area.

Additional ISTI abstract:

ISTI will be presenting at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly, being held in Vienna, Austria on 8–13 April 2018.  Read more here.

ISTI @ AGU 11 – 15 December 2017

ISTI, Geobit, and HMSCInc join together at the AGU Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana next week.  We are a team providing a complete seismic monitoring solution. Contact us through


With 65+ years of combined experience, GEObit, HMSCInc and ISTI are joining forces to become the most competitive and fastest growing joint venture group in the seismic monitoring services industry.

Providing state-of-the-art seismic instruments, network design, installation techniques, data monitoring and processing services, our group is able to deliver a cost-effective total solution to the energy exploration & production industry, especially to the oil, gas and geothermal sector. Our key benefits are that we produce in-house hardware and software while installing and maintaining the microseismic monitoring network to ensure a high level of data quality and availability. In other words, we make the technology – we apply the technology – we offer the technology.

Geobit Digitizer. Photo, courtesy of Geobit.

We have worldwide experience having installed and operated seismic networks all over the world, from Indonesia/Papua jungle to the Middle East desert, from Alaska glaciers to

Himalayan Mountains. In the USA, we are currently running many dedicated microseismic monitoring projects with over 200 stations installed in the past 10 years.


Visit us at booth #1939, AGU 2017

New Orleans, Louisiana USA  |  11 – 15 December

Meet our team and learn about the latest offerings. Dimitris Mourtzouchos & Nikos Germenis (Geobit), Mike Hasting (HMSCInc.), Paul Friberg & Sid Hellman (ISTI), and others will be available to answer your questions.

Stefan Lisowski (middle) and Ben Baker (right) of ISTI with visitor. Photo, courtesy of Geobit, AGU 2018.

Geobit Instruments Ltd.

Data Loggers and Sensors, Visit the website


GEObit provides high sensitivity wide-band and near broadband seismic sensors, surface or borehole type, and high dynamic range, low power 32bit ADC data loggers with local data storage and real time telemetry over seedlink protocol. We are focusing on low power and cost effective solutions so we provide to our customer seismic networks with low installation and maintenance costs. Our instruments are ideal for local and regional seismicity and micro-seismicity monitoring and for seismic events such as those induced by unconventional hydrocarbon extraction. Our high fidelity data-loggers ensure that these signals are recorded with the highest resolution and timing accuracy.


Hasting Micro-Seismic Consulting, Inc (HMSCInc)

Installation and Operations, Visit the website

HMSCInc has over 30 years’ experience designing, building and installing dedicated microseismic monitoring stations and networks for seismicity monitoring of active geothermal resources, oil and gas fields, and volcanoes. HMSCInc provides integrated seismic station solutions, pre-drilling background monitoring services, installation of borehole stations (from a few hundred feet to over 10,000 ft), real-time event detection and location services, as well as expert testimony when needed.

Instrumental Software Technologies, Inc. (ISTI)

Monitoring and Data Processing, home page


ISTI specializes in developing custom data acquisition, analysis, and processing software for the geophysical sciences. Microseismic data acquisition and processing are performed by custom solutions using existing open source software as a foundation, saving our customers both time and money. ISTI provides several products and services covering all geophysical applications and monitoring needs of the industry.

Nikos Germenis (Geobit) & Sid Hellman (ISTI) @ Earth Imaging booth, AGU 2018, New Orleans. Photo, courtesy of Geobit.

(from left to right) Ben Baker (ISTI), Dimitris Mourtzouchos & Nikos Germenis (Geobit). Photo, courtesy of Geobit.

Susan & Mike Hasting (HMSCInc.). Photo, courtesy of Geobit.